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Cambridge Interfaith Programme

Dark grey columns overshadow the onlooker. The title words, "Subcontractors of guilt", are superimposed.

The first major study to analyse and propose ways of improving Holocaust education programs designed for Muslims, this project reconsiders the core of contemporary debates on European identity by looking at the crucial but oft overlooked connections between Holocaust memory and the integration of Muslims into the European moral order. It examines how Holocaust education and the values of empathy and tolerance it aims to inculcate influence European Muslim minorities and bordering Muslim majorities.

The project has been funded by the British Academy, German Academic Exchange (DAAD), and Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

Principal Investigator

Professor Esra Özyürek


Subcontractors of guilt: Holocaust memory and Muslim belonging in post-war Germany. 2023. Stanford University Press.

“Muslim Minorities as Germany’s Past Future: Islam Critics, Holocaust Memory, and Immigrant Integration” Memory Studies 15(1), 2019.

“Rethinking Empathy: Emotions Triggered by the Holocaust among Muslim-minority in Germany” Anthropological Theory 18(4): 456-477, 2018.


Podcast | Dr Armanc Yildiz (Humboldt University) interviews Professor Esra Özyürek about the book, Subcontractors of Guilt. New Books Network, August 2023.

Inaugural lecture and launch: To and from Subcontractors of Guilt. Faculty of Divinity YouTube Channel. 3 May 2023.

Opinion | German Muslims’ ‘Shocking’ Response to the Holocaust. Ha' 1 February 2021. 

Press coverage

“Bad Memory”—a responsa published in the Spring 2023 issue of Jewish Currents ( Reponsas form the co-written editorial column of this publication. (A version of the article is also available in German.) 

Latest news

New article: Predators are prohibited, why are ducks kosher?

16 August 2023

What’s the logic behind biblical eating prohibitions? Are commandments intended to promote the consumption of vegetarian animals? How come ducks—devourers of fish, insects...